What are the 10-year clinical results?

Mobi-C Cervical Disc was the first cervical disc in the U.S. approved to treat more than one level of the cervical spine, and Mobi-C is the only artificial disc with published clinical results out to 10 years for one- and two-levels.

At 10 years, all patient-reported outcomes of Mobi-C recipients were equivalent to or improved from 7 years. Recipients of Mobi-C reported improved Neck Disability Index (NDI) Scores, improved neck pain, and improved arm pain. In addition, no subsequent surgery at an adjacent level occurred between the 7-year and 10-year follow up.1,2

Ten-Year Outcomes of 1- & 2-Level Mobi-C® Patients: Extended Follow-Up from the Mobi-C IDE Study

The following presentation summarizes the key results of the Mobi-C 10-year study that was recently published in Neurosurgery.1 Upon completion of the 7-year FDA Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) study of the Mobi-C® Cervical Disc, follow-up continued on a subset of patients from nine high-enrolling centers. All patients in the study had undergone cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) with Mobi-C for the treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) with radiculopathy or myeloradiculopathy at one or two contiguous levels from C3-C7 (Fig. 1).

Clinical and radiographic outcomes of 187 Mobi-C patients were collected through 10 years postoperatively to assess the long-term safety and effectiveness of Mobi-C. The 10-year outcomes of the Mobi-C patients were assessed without comparisons to ACDF, as follow-up of the ACDF control group from the IDE study was completed after 7 years of follow-up.2 The aim of this analysis was to determine whether the statistically significant improvement observed in both 1- and 2-level Mobi-C patients from baseline to 7 years postoperatively was maintained out to 10 years.

Key Findings

Mobi-C continues to be a safe and effective treatment for 1- and 2-level cervical degeneration.

  • At 10 years, all patient-reported outcomes were equivalent to or improved from 7 years.
  • Between 7-year and 10-year follow-up:
    • C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) and sagittal alignment were maintained.
    • Segmental ROM in flexion/extension and lateral bending was maintained in both 1-level and 2-level constructs.
    • Clinically relevant radiographic adjacent segment pathology (rASP) did not differ significantly in either 1-or 2-level patients.
    • Incidence of motion-restricting heterotopic ossification (HO) did not differ significantly in either 1-level or 2-level patients.
    • No subsequent surgery at an adjacent level after 7 years.

10-Year Mobi-C Results: Radiographic Outcomes

From 7-year to 10-year follow-up:

  • Segmental and global ROM and sagittal balance were maintained (Table 1);
  • Clinically relevant (grade 3/4) rASP was not significantly different (Fig. 2), with a 10-year incidence of 21.3% in 1-level patients and 10.2% in 2-level patients;
  • The incidence of motion-restricting HO at 10 years was not significantly different from that at 7 years for 1-level (30.7% vs. 29.6%) or 2-level (41.7% vs. 39.2%) patients.
  Flexion/Extension Lateral Bending Global ROM
(C2-C6 flexion/extension)
  2-Level Superior 2-Level Inferior 1-Level 2-Level Superior 2-Level Inferior 1-Level 2-Level 1-Level
Prop 8.9 6.8 7.8 5.6 4.9 5.0 37.0 38.8
7 Years 9.4 6.8 9.7 5.1 4.7 5.2 37.9 42.7
10 Years 9.5 6.9 9.3 4.9 4.5 5.1 38.2 41.6
P-value* 0.91 0.97 0.59 0.99 0.99 0.90 0.99 0.19

*10 years vs. 7 years

Table 1. Segmental and global ROM (degrees) in Mobi-C patients through 10 years.


Figure 2. Progression of clinically relevant rASP throughout folllow-up. ACDF reporting ends at 7 years to completion of the FDA IDE study.

10-Year Mobi-C Results: Safety Outcomes

Between 7-year and 10-year follow-up:

  • There were two index level surgeries and no adjacent level surgeries reported after 7 years.
  • The cumulative incidence of subsequent surgery at 10-year follow-up was 4.3% (11/257) at an adjacent level and 5.1% (13/257) at the index level.
  • Seven (7) device-related adverse events (AEs) were reported in five (5) patients (HO = 5, subsidence = 2), but none were classified as serious (i.e., requiring hospitalization or reoperation). Only one patient required an intervention (facet joint injections) due to a device-related AE.

10-Year Mobi-C Results: Clinical Outcomes

There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between 1- and 2-level outcomes at 10 years. Therefore, the following refer to analysis of 1- and 2-level patients combined (Table 2):

  • At 10 years, Mobi-C patients continued to have significant improvement in neck disability index (NDI), neck and arm pain, and neurologic function compared to baseline.
  • Furthermore, NDI and pain outcomes at 10 years were significantly improved from 7 years, although these improvements were less than the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for NDI (15/100) and pain (10/100).
  • Maintenance or improvement of neurologic function from baseline did not differ significantly between 7-year (86%) and 10-year (86.3%) follow-up (p=0.60).
  • Overall patient satisfaction remained very high at 10 years, with the majority of Mobi-C patients reporting they were “very satisfied” (10 years: 88.8% vs. 7 years: 88.0%; p=0.26).
Outcome Baseline 7 Years 10 Years Baseline vs. 10-Year
7-Year vs. 10-Year
NDI 54.4 19.3 15.1 <0.0001* 0.003*
Neck Pain 72.1 20.3 13.3 <0.0001* 0.002*
Arm Pain 69.9 15.5 11.3 <0.0001* 0.037*
SF-12 Physical 32.9 45.7 47.5 <0.0001* 0.13
SF-12 Mental 41.6 51.0 51.5 <0.0001* 0.91

*Denotes a statistically significant difference.

Table 2. Clinical outcomes of 1- & 2-level Mobi-C implants.


Two key advantages of CDA over ACDF are preservation of segmental ROM and reduced incidence of ASP following surgery. Due to the elimination of motion at the treated segment(s), and subsequently increased load and stress on untreated adjacent levels, ACDF can lead to the onset or acceleration of pathologies in adjacent segments. CDA with Mobi-C, on the other hand, has been shown to preserve motion while providing mechanical stability and relief of pain.

Given the emphasis on motion preservation when deciding between CDA and ACDF, two of the biggest concerns following CDA are postoperative development of rASP and motion-restricting HO. In this study, progression of both rASP and HO was minimal between 7- and 10-year follow-up in both 1- and 2-level Mobi-C patients, and no adjacent level surgeries were reported after 7 years. ROM and sagittal alignment were also maintained at 10 years when compared to early postoperative baseline, and patients continued to have significant improvement in clinical and patient-reported outcomes compared to pre-op. Overall results through 10 years were comparable to 7-year outcomes, demonstrating that CDA with Mobi-C continues to be a safe and effective surgical treatment for patients with 1- or 2-level cervical degenerative disc disease.


  1. Kim KD, Hoffman GA, Bae H, et al. Ten-Year Outcomes of One and Two Level Cervical Disc Arthroplasty from the Mobi- C IDE Clinical Trial. Neurosurgery 2020;[Online ahead of print]. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyaa459.
  2. Radcliff K, Davis RJ, Hisey MS, et al. Long-term evaluation of cervical disc arthroplasty with the Mobi-C Cervical Disc: a randomized, prospective, multicenter clinical trial with seven-year follow-up. Int J Spine Surg 2017;11(4):244-262.